Inhomogeneous Warm Deformation Behavior and Its Effect on the Deformability of an Fe-6.5PctSi Alloy with Ce Doping
The inhomogeneous deformation behavior generated by deformability differences between soft and hard phases is a critical factor that influences the deformation and processability of materials. For Fe-6.5pctSi alloys with coexisting disordered and ordered phases, this work studied warm (300 °C to 500 °C) tensile deformation property differences and mechanisms for non-Ce-doped and 0.02 wt pct Ce-doped alloys. The warm deformation behavior was analyzed according to the stress and strain partitioning of the two-phase alloy by establishing a two-phase (A2 disordered phase + B2/D03 ordered phase) system model based on the structural characteristics of the alloy. The results show that the plastic deformation is mainly attributed to the A2 disordered phase, and the existence of a hard and ordered phase leads to local and inhomogeneous deformation behavior, which decreases the uniform plastic elongation and deformability of the alloy. Ce doping improves the warm deformation homogeneity and deformability by reducing the size and amount of the B2 ordered phase, which improves the warm rolling deformation and increases subsequent cold rolling deformability. Cold rolling with a total thickness reduction greater than 63 pct was achieved after the Ce-doped hot-rolled specimen with a 2 mm thickness was warm rolled to an 82.5 pct reduction, and the warm-rolled and cold-rolled sheets had good surface integrity and no obvious cracking.