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Development and validation of a new one step Multiplex-PCR assay for the detection of ten Lactobacillus species

Highlights•Lactobacillus species constitute a crucial part of the vaginal microbiota of healthy women.•Species composition of lactobacilli population is important in diagnostics.•Box-Behnken experimental design enabled optimization of multiplex-PCR method.•The proposed method is able to detect and distinguish 10 Lactobacillus species.•Enables rapid identification of lactobacilli directly in vaginal fluids.AbstractLactobacillus sp. are well-known colonizers of human mucosa and frequently used as probiotics. Accurate species identification is crucial both for fundamental studies and biotechnology applications; however, it has been thus far challenging. The aim of this work was to develop a one-step multiplex-PCR assay for detection of ten Lactobacillus species (L. jensenii, L. fermentum, L. acidophilus, L. crispatus, L. reuteri, L. iners, L. casei, L. gasseri, L. plantarum, L. rhamnosus) directly in complex bacterial genomic DNA.A multiplex-PCR assay was optimized based on Box-Behnken experimental design, which showed to be efficient for optimization of all crucial reaction components. Nineteen Lactobacillus strains, including six collection strains and thirteen human isolates were used in order to verify the specificity and sensitivity of the assay. In addition, a set of PCR adjuvants was introduced to remove non-specific amplifications and enhance reaction yield. Among them, Triton™ X-100, Tween® 20, BSA, and dithiothreitol showed beneficial effects when compared with other adjuvants. The application of the developed method to samples that resulted from the mixing of DNA from the ten strains, resulted in amplicons of the expected sizes (from about 100 to 1000 bp). The detection limit was 1.25 ng/μl for all species with the exception of L. gasseri (0.31 ng/μl). In order to confirm the method applicability on human samples, ten vaginal fluids were enrolled in this study showing that the method can be successfully used on these biological materials.The proposed multiplex-PCR assay was shown to be selective, sensitive and efficient for detection of ten Lactobacillus species directly in human vaginal samples. This method provides a cost-effective and accessible methodology applicable to the detection of Lactobacillus species to different environments. At the same time, this approach represents a considerable improvement over other PCR-based approaches for identification of these species.Graphical abstractDownload : Download high-res image (86KB)Download : Download full-size image

توسعه و اعتبار سنجی یک مرحله جدید multiplex - PCR برای تشخیص ده گونه لاکتوباسیلوس

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