O-GlcNAcylation disrupts STRA6-retinol signals in kidneys of diabetes
Highlights•O-GlcNAcylation directly disrupts STRA6-retinol signaling.•O-GlcNAc-modified STRA6 and RALDH1 expresses in diabetic kidney.•O-GlcNAcylation interferes in RBP4 binding to STRA6.AbstractBackgroundO-GlcNAcylation is an important mechanism of diabetic complication. Retinoid homeostasis regulates cell-physiological functions through STRA6-retinol signaling. Therefore, we investigated whether O-GlcNAcylation disrupted STRA6-retinol signals in diabetes.MethodsImmunoprecipitation and proximity ligation assay were used to investigate O-GlcNAcylation of STRA6-retinol signals in kidneys of db/db and ob/ob mice. Western blot and immunohistochemistry were done for STRA6/CRBP1/LRAT/RALDH1/RARs pathway, GFAT, OGT, TGFβ1 and collagen 1 level. HPLC and ELISA for retinol, retinal, and retinoic acid concentrations were performed in vivo and vitro. RBP4 binding with STRA6 was measured in vitro. To verify whether O-GlcNAcylation disrupted STRA6-retinol signals, treatment of TMG and OSMI-1, transfection of OGA and OGT, and OGT siRNA were performed in HK-2 cells.ResultsSTRA6 and RALDH1 were highly O-GlcNAc-modified in glomeruli and tubules of db/db and ob/ob mice. RBP4, p-Try, p-JAK2, and p-STAT5 on STRA6 immunoprecipitate were reduced. Cellular retinol signals (CRBP1, LRAT, ADH, retinol, retinal, RA, RARα, RARγ and RXRα) remarkably decreased in kidneys of db/db, ob/ob mice and HG-cultured cells. TMG and OGT transfection induced O-GlcNAcylation of STRA6 and RALDH1, repressed RBP4-bound STRA6, and retinol signals in NG-cultured cells. OSMI-1, OGA transfection, and OGT silence reversed O-GlcNAc-modification of STRA6 and RALDH1, and rescued the decrease of retinol signals, and reversed the increase of TGFβ1 and collagen 1 in HG-treated cells.ConclusionsO-GlcNAcylation significantly modified STRA6 and RALDH1, suppressed RBP4 binding activity, and disrupted retinol signals in the kidney of diabetes.General significanceThis study first indicates that STRA6-retinol signals were directly disrupted by O-GlcNAcylation in diabetic kidney.