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A study on knowledge and self-care practices about Diabetes Mellitus among patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus attending selected tertiary healthcare facilities in coastal Karnataka

ObjectiveTo assess knowledge and self-care practices about Diabetes among patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus attending selected tertiary health care institutions.MethodsCross-sectional study was conducted to assess the knowledge and self-care practices about Diabetes among diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients attending the out-patient facilities of Medicine Department at selected tertiary healthcare institutions of Udupi Taluk. The data collection occurred from January to March 2017. A total of 166 participants were included in the study and they were selected using consecutive sampling. Knowledge about Diabetes Mellitus was assessed using structured pre-tested questionnaire. Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire-Revised version was used to assess self-care practices regarding Diabetes Mellitus.ResultsMost of the participants (>65%) had knowledge about different aspects of Diabetes. The Mean total score of self-care practices among participants without and with intensive insulin treatment was 6.25 ± 1.25SD and 6.20 ± 1.01SD respectively. Mean subscales score related to dietary control, glucose management and physician contact was almost the same as that of total mean scale score except for physical activity subscale score in both the group of patients.ConclusionThis study emphasizes the need to strengthen the initiatives related to generating awareness about diabetes and improving self-care practices related to it.

بررسی دانش و عملکرد مراقبت از خود در مورد دیابت در بیماران مبتلا به دیابت نوع ۲ مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز بهداشتی در سواحل کارناتاکا

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