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MOFs for the treatment of arsenic, fluoride and iron contaminated drinking water: A review

Highlights•MOFs as potential adsorbent for conventional methods.•Characterization and different forms of MOFs.•Advancements in synthesis and applications of MOFs in water treatment.•MOFs for the removal of arsenic, fluoride, and iron from drinking water.•Commercial aspects of MOFs.AbstractOver the last few decades, the global pollution of surface and groundwater poses a serious threat not only to human beings but also towards aquatic lives due to the presence of emerging contaminants. Among the others, the presence of arsenic, fluoride, and iron are considered as the most common toxic pollutants in water bodies. The emergence of metal organic frameworks (MOFs) with high porosity and surface area is represented as significant inclusion into the era of entrapping contaminants present in drinking water. In the present review article, an in-depth insight is provided on the recent developments in the removal of arsenic, fluoride, and iron from drinking water using MOFs. Various aspects related to the synthesis, latest technologies adopted for the modifications in the synthesis process and advanced applications of MOFs for the removal of such contaminants are explicitly discussed. A detailed insight was provided to understand the mechanism of various interactions of MOFs with arsenic and fluoride. With respect to arsenic, fluoride, and iron removal the ultrastructural morphology of MOFs is assessed based on different molecular arrangements. Further, commercial aspects of various MOFs are presented in order to highlight the process feasibility. Finally, various perspectives and challenges involved in process scale up are comprehensively narrated with an aspiration of futuristic developments. The paper will be beneficial to the readers for acquiring a piece of in-depth knowledge on MOFs and its various synthesis approaches along with remarkable achievements for the removal of arsenic, fluoride, and iron from contaminated drinking water.

MOFs برای درمان آرسنیک، فلویورید و آب آشامیدنی آلوده به آهن: مرور

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