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Evaluation of spectral induced polarization field measurements in time and frequency domain

Highlights•Comparison of SIP imaging data collected with a variety of instruments.•Time- and frequency-domain resolve for consistent SIP imaging results.•Processing extends the frequency bandwidth in time-domain data significantly.•Evaluate instrument properties before designing field SIP imaging surveys.AbstractSpectral induced polarization (SIP) measurements have been demonstrated to correlate with important parameters in hydrogeological and environmental investigations. Although SIP measurements were often collected in the frequency domain (FDIP), recent developments have demonstrated the capabilities to solve for the frequency-dependence of the complex conductivity through measurements collected in the time domain (TDIP). Therefore, the aim of our field investigations is a comparison of the measured frequency-dependence at a broad frequency range resolved through FDIP and TDIP. In contrast to previous studies, we conducted measurements with different instruments and measuring technologies for both FDIP and TDIP. This allows for investigating the robustness of different measurements and assessing various sources of errors, for the assessment of the advantages and drawbacks from different measuring techniques. Our results demonstrate that data collected through different instruments are consistent. Apparent resistivity measurements as well as the inversion results revealed quantitatively the same values for all instruments. The measurements of the IP effect are also comparable, particularly FDIP readings in the low frequencies (< 10 Hz) revealed to be quantitatively the same for different instruments. TDIP measurements are consistent for data collected with both devices. As expected, the spatial distribution of the values is also consistent for low frequency data (in FDIP) and late times measurements in TDIP (> 0.1 s). However, data quality for higher frequencies in FDIP (i.e., early times in TDIP) show larger variations, which reflects the differences between the instruments to deal with the electromagnetic contamination of the IP data. Concluded in general, the different instruments and measuring techniques can provide consistent responses for varying signal-to-noise ratio and measuring configurations.

ارزیابی اندازه‌گیری‌های می‌دانی پلاریزاسیون القایی در حوزه زمان و فرکانس

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