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Cyclopentane hydrates – A candidate for desalination?

Highlights•A comprehensive and systematic assessment on Cyclopentane hydrates (CPH) is presented.•Effect of several considerations on desalting process via CPH crystallization is critically analyzed.•CPH-based desalination reveals a promising opportunity when compared to traditional processes.•A proposed diagram of CPH-based desalination is illustrated to define future development.AbstractThis article presents a systematic review on the past developments of Hydrate-Based Desalination process using Cyclopentane as hydrate guest. This is the first review that covers all required fundamental data, such as multiphase equilibria data, kinetics, morphology, or physical properties of cyclopentane hydrates, in order to develop an effective and sustainable desalination process. Furthermore, this state-of-the-art describes research and commercialization perspectives. When compared to traditional applications, cyclopentane hydrate-based desalination process could be a promising solution. Indeed, it operates under normal atmospheric pressure, lower operation energies are required, etc… However, there are some challenges yet to overcome. A decision aid in the form of a diagram is proposed for a new cyclopentane hydrates-based desalination process. Hopefully, concepts reviewed in this study will suggest new ideas to advance technical solutions in order to make commercial hydrate-based desalination processes a reality.

Cyclopentane هیدرات - کاندیدای نمک‌زدایی؟

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