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Denoising of surface EMG with a modified Wiener filtering approach

The correlation dimension D2 yields good results in several biomedical fields. Nonetheless, no clinical application to electromyography has been developed yet. One reason is the high electromagnetic noise typical of clinical environments. This noise is characterized by sharp spectral lines of variable intensity and frequency. The filtering techniques commonly implemented in electromyographs can efficiently deal with this kind of noise. They allow a safe estimate of linear quantities like the root mean square (r.m.s.) or the median frequency (MF). Their performance is not as good for nonlinear purposes. The filters may modify the nonlinear properties of the signal, leading to unacceptable estimates of D2. We consider a simple procedure based on a modified Wiener filter. Its performance is compared with that from a bandpass followed by multiple notch filters. Our procedure leads to a gain in precision and accuracy when estimating D2. The two filtering approaches are also compared with respect to a biomedical application proposed by others. Using data from 12 healthy subjects, the modified Wiener procedure raises the percentage of successes in that application from 17% to 83%. New experimental data suggest D2 carries information not carried by r.m.s. or MF.

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