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Application of Artificial Neural Network and Particle Swarm Optimization for modelling and optimization of biosorption of Lead(II) and Nickel(II) from wastewater using dead cyanobacterial biomass

Highlights•Dry biomass of cyanobacterial consortium was prepared as biosorbent.•Biosorbent was used for removal of Pb(II) and Ni(II).•Maximum removal of Pb(II) (87.27 ​± ​1.75%) and Ni(II) (92.57 ​± ​0.77%) were observed.•Kinetic study was performed for biosorption of Pb(II) and Ni(II).•ANN modeling and PSO optimization technique were used for biosorption process.AbstractRemoval of heavy metals through biosorption using biomass offers several advantages over other conventional techniques such as low cost, high efficiency, environmentally friendly, etc. In the present article, biosorption of Nickel(II) and Lead(II)was investigated using dried biomass of cyanobacterial consortium. OFAT (one-factor-at-a-time) analysis was used to assess the effect of input parameters on the removal of potentially toxic elements by varying initial metal ion concentration (2–10 mgL−1), adsorbent dose (0.1–1.0 gL-1), pH (for Pb(II): 2–6, for Ni(II): 2–8) and temperature (25°C–45°C) individually, at constant shaking speed of 150 ​rpm. Results showed that removal using biomass attained highest values in as short time as 15 ​min. The investigations also showed the removal is highly effective at lower initial concentrations of heavy metals. Maximum removal of Lead(II) (87.27 ​± ​1.75%) and Nickel(II) (92.57 ​± ​0.77%) was obtained at pH 6 and 45°C and at pH 7 and 25°C, respectively, within 15 ​min with 0.1 gL-1 biomass. Both the Langmuir model and Freundlich model were seen to fit the equilibrium data. Further, Artificial Neural Network was used to model the biosorption process. Subsequently, Particle Swarm Optimization was applied to optimize the operating conditions for the removal of both the metals.Graphical abstractDownload : Download full-size image

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