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Functional network connectivity alterations in schizophrenia and depression

Highlights•We performed group ICA on resting-state fMRI data from 3 groups.•Eleven intrinsic connectivity networks or sub-networks were obtained.•Depression and schizophrenia exhibited some convergent and divergent FNC alterations.•Convergent alterations may underlie common symptoms in primary control & regulation.•The FPN may play an important role in the pathophysiology of the two disorders.AbstractThere is a high degree of overlap between the symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD) and schizophrenia, but it remains unclear whether the similar symptoms are derived from convergent alterations in functional network connectivity. In this study, we performed a group independent component analysis on resting-state functional MRI data from 20 MDD patients, 24 schizophrenia patients, and 43 matched healthy controls. The functional network connectivity analysis revealed that, compared to healthy controls, the MDD and schizophrenia patients exhibited convergent decreased positive connectivity between the left and right fronto-parietal control network and decreased negative connectivity between the left control and medial visual networks. Furthermore, the MDD patients showed decreased negative connectivity between the left control and auditory networks, and the schizophrenia patients showed decreased positive connectivity between the bilateral control and language networks and decreased negative connectivity between the right control and dorsal attention networks. The convergent network connectivity alterations may underlie the common primary control and regulation disorders, and the divergent connectivity alterations may enable the distinction between the two disorders. All of the convergent and divergent network connectivity alterations were relevant to the control network, suggesting an important role of the network in the pathophysiology of MDD and schizophrenia.

تغییرات ارتباطی شبکه کارکردی در شیزوفرنی و افسردگی

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