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Superstimulation prior to the ovum pick-up improves the in vitro embryo production in nulliparous, primiparous and multiparous buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) donors

Highlights•Superstimulation increased the large and medium-sized follicles available for the OPU procedure.•FSH treatment enhanced the proportion of viable oocytes for culture in three buffalo donors categories.•Greater blastocyst rates and embryo yield per OPU-IVEP were observed in all buffalo categories.AbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate the ovarian follicular population, the oocyte yield and the in vitro embryo production (IVEP) of nulliparous (NU), primiparous (PR) and multiparous (MU) buffalo donors submitted to the superstimulation with FSH prior to the ovum pick-up (OPU). A total of 54 buffalo donors (18 NU, 15 PR and 21MU) received an intravaginal progesterone device (1.0 g) plus estradiol benzoate [2.0 mg, intramuscular (im)] at random stage of the estrous cycle (Day 0) during the breeding season (autumn and winter). Buffaloes from different categories were then randomly allocated to one of two groups (Control or FSH), in a cross-over experimental design. Buffalo donors in the Control group received no further treatment, whereas buffalo donors in the FSH group received a total dosage of 200 mg im of FSH on Days 4 and 5, in four decreasing doses 12 h apart (57, 57, 43 and 43 mg). On Day 7, the progesterone device was removed and the OPU procedure was performed in both groups. The same semen was used across all replicates and donor category. Data were analyzed by the GLIMMIX procedure of SAS 9.4®. There was no interaction between FSH treatment and animal category for all analyzed variables. Furthermore, no differences between animal category (P = 0.73) and FSH treatment (P = 0.53) were observed regarding the total follicles aspirated. However, the FSH treatment increased (P < 0.001) the proportion of large (>10 mm; FSH = 16.2% and Control = 2.0%) and medium-sized follicles (6–10 mm; FSH = 36.3% and Control = 6.1%) available for the OPU procedure. The total of recovered oocytes was greater in NU than in MU, and PR were similar to NU and MU (P = 0.05). No effect of FSH treatment was observed (P = 0.85) for this variable. Buffalo donors treated with FSH had a greater viable oocytes rate (P = 0.03), blastocyst rate (P = 0.03) and embryo yield per OPU-IVEP session (P = 0.07), however, no category effects were observed for these variables. These results provided evidence that superstimulation with FSH increased the proportion of large and medium-sized follicles available for the OPU procedure. Consequently, the FSH treatment enhanced the proportion of viable oocytes for culture and resulted in greater blastocyst rates and embryo yield per OPU-IVEP session in all buffalo donors categories.

Superstimulation پیش از انتخاب ovum، تولید جنین در آزمایشگاه را در nulliparous، primiparous و multiparous buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)بهبود می‌بخشد.

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