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Economic and public health importance of Toxoplasma gondii infections in sheep: 2009–2020

Highlights•This review all about Toxoplasma gondii infections in sheep in the past decade.•Recent data concerning pathogenesis of abortion in sheep are reviewed.•Genetic diversity of T. gondii in sheep and its significance is discussed.AbstractToxoplasma gondii infections are common in humans and animals worldwide. The present review summarizes worldwide information on the prevalence of clinical and subclinical infections, epidemiology, diagnosis, control, and genetic diversity of T. gondii in sheep in the past decade. There is debate and uncertainty concerning repeat congenital infection as evidenced by finding T. gondii DNA in progeny of chronically infected sheep. However, there is no concrete evidence that T. gondii is the cause of repeated abortions in sheep. Recent data concerning pathogenesis of abortion in acutely infected sheep are reviewed. PCR-RFLP typing of T. gondii DNA derived from viable T. gondii isolates or tissues of infected sheep revealed low genetic diversity in sheep in Europe, Africa, Asia and North America but high diversity in South America. This review will be of interest to biologists, parasitologists, veterinarians, and public health workers.

پر ارجاع‌ترین مقالات مرتبط:

  • مقاله Parasitology
  • ترجمه مقاله Parasitology
  • مقاله انگل‌شناسی
  • ترجمه مقاله انگل‌شناسی
  • مقاله General Veterinary
  • ترجمه مقاله General Veterinary
  • مقاله دامپزشکی عمومی
  • ترجمه مقاله دامپزشکی عمومی
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