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NO2 Removal by Adsorption on Transition-Metal-Based Layered Double Hydroxides

High Resolution ImageDownload MS PowerPoint SlideThe emission of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) has caused severe air pollution and threatened the safety of the environment and people’s health. Various techniques have been intensively explored for the abatement of NO2, mostly on the basis of catalytic reduction at elevated temperature, but few have shown satisfactory NO2 removal efficiency at ambient conditions. The use of solid porous adsorbents is a promising approach for NO2 removal due to their high capacity and low energy penalty for regeneration. Here, we report the uncalcined transition-metal-based layered double hydroxides (TM–Al–CO3 LDHs) as ambient NO2 adsorbents. The dynamic breakthrough experiments demonstrated that Ni–Al–CO3 LDH showed a superior NO2 adsorption capacity above 5.3 mmol g–1 and the lowest NO generation ratio (∼31.7% of the total NO2 input) among the four TM–Al–CO3 adsorbents. The in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy disclosed the reactive adsorption mechanism between NO2 and LDHs via acid–base interaction. The reversibility of active adsorption sites in Ni–Al–CO3 LDH could maintain over 74% after six adsorption–desorption cycles, suggesting a decent regenerability of Ni–Al–CO3 as the NO2 adsorbent.

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