Downregulation of Long Noncoding RNA HOTAIR and EZH2 Induces Apoptosis and Inhibits Proliferation, Invasion, and Migration of Human Breast Cancer Cells
Background: The long noncoding RNA HOTAIR (HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA) has been reported to be a biomarker for various malignant tumors; however, its involvement in breast cancer is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects involved with long noncoding RNA HOTAIR and EZH2 (enhancer of zeste homologue 2) on the processes of proliferation, invasion, migration, and apoptosis of breast cancer cells.Materials and Methods: The expressions of HOTAIR and EZH2 in both normal human mammary epithelial cell (HBL-100) and breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, and SKBR-3) were detected by means of reverse transcription–quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The MCF-7 cells that exhibited the highest HOTAIR expressions were selected for further studies and divided into the control, negative control, and small interfering RNA-HOTAIR groups. The proliferation, invasion, migration, and apoptosis of breast cancer cells were evaluated by MTT assay, Scratch test, Transwell assay, and flow cytometry, respectively. The combination of HOTAIR with EZH2 and PTEN was predicted by bioinformation, with a dual-luciferase reporter gene assay providing further verification.Results: Initially, lower expressions of HOTAIR and EZH2 in the normal human mammary epithelial cells, while higher expressions in the breast cancer cells of MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, and SKBR-3 were detected. In addition, the downregulation of HOTAIR or silencing of EZH2 was revealed to repress the proliferation, invasion, and migration, while acting to promote the apoptosis of the breast cancer cells. Furthermore, HOTAIR could bind specifically to EZH2 and PTEN, highlighting the capability of HOTAIR to inhibit the expression of PTEN by recruiting EZH2 in breast cancer, while the TCGA database demonstrated the expressions of PTEN were lower in breast cancer cells.Conclusions: The study suggests the higher expressions of HOTAIR and EZH2 among three breast cancer cells. Furthermore, the downregulation of HOTAIR or silencing of EZH2 was noted to inhibit the proliferation, invasion, and migration of breast cancer cells, while promoting their apoptosis.
تکثیر سلاحهای هستهای noncoding طولانی و EZH۲ induces Apoptosis و Inhibits Proliferation، تهاجم، و مهاجرت به سلولهای سرطانی سینه انسان
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