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Surface Roughness of Monolithic and Layered Zirconia Restorations at Different Stages of Finishing and Polishing: An In Vitro Study

Abstract Purpose To evaluate surface roughness and topography of different zirconia‐based restorations at various steps of finishing and polishing. Materials and Methods Seventy‐five zirconia discs were fabricated and divided into 3 layered and 2 monolithic groups: layered conventional (VM9; Vita), layered pressed (PM9; Vita), layered digital (TriLuxe Forte; Vita), opaque monolithic (Ceramill Zi; Amann Girrbach), and translucent monolithic (Zolid FX; Amann Girrbach). Surface roughness testing (Ra, Rz) and scanning electron microscopy were performed at the glazed, unglazed, finished, polished, super‐polished, and super‐polished with diamond paste steps. One‐way ANOVA and Tukey tests were used for statistical analysis. Results There were significant differences in all groups among the different steps (p < 0.001, F = 77.67 for layered conventional; p < 0.001, F = 133.90 for layered pressed; p < 0.001, F = 47.94 for layered digital; p < 0.001, F = 48.05 for zirconia opaque; p < 0.001, F = 43.91 for zirconia translucent). For the layered groups, glazed stage was significantly different from all other steps (p < 0.001). For the layered conventional and digital groups, polishing using diamond paste was not significantly different from the polished and super‐polished steps (p = 0.448, p = 0.153), while for the layered pressed group, polishing using diamond paste was not significantly different from the super polished step (p = 0.815). For monolithic groups, there were no significant differences between the polished and super‐polished steps (p = 0.957 for zirconia opaque, p = 1.00 for zirconia translucent). Both the diamond paste and super‐polished steps showed no significant differences (p = 0.620, p = 0.550) from the glazed surface in the opaque zirconia group. Conclusions Surface roughness of monolithic and layered zirconia was improved by polishing; however, only opaque zirconia reached the level of surface roughness of the glazed stage. Type of buildup affected the surface roughness of adjusted ceramics, with monolithic zirconia showing lower surface roughness than layered zirconia. Polishing with diamond paste provided no significant improvement in the surface roughness of monolithic or layered zirconia.

Roughness سطحی of و Layered zirconia در مراحل مختلف of و Polishing: یک مطالعه In

چکیده هدف برای ارزیابی زبری سطح و توپوگرافی سطوح مختلف رستوریشن های بر پایه زیرکونیا در مراحل مختلف اتمام و صیقل دادن. مواد و روش‌ها هفتاد و پنج دیسک زیرکونیایی ساخته و به سه گروه لایه‌لایه و دو لایه تقسیم شدند: لایه‌لایه لایه‌ای (VM۹؛ Vita)، pressed لایه‌لایه (pm۹؛ Vita)، monolithic کدر (Ceramill Zi؛ Amann Girrbach)، و monolithic شفاف (Zolid FX؛ Amann Girrbach). تست زبری سطحی (Ra، rz)و میکروسکوپ الکترونی روبشی (scanning)در شیشه دار، بدون پوشش، صیقلی، عالی، و بسیار پولیش شده با پله‌های خمیری الماس انجام شد. تست‌های ANOVA و Tukey برای تحلیل آماری مورد استفاده قرار گرفتند. نتایج
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