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Conceptual model for intensive care nurse work well‐being: A qualitative secondary analysis

Abstract Background There had been little focus on the well‐being of intensive care nurses until a recent programme of research found work well‐being to be best described as a collection of elements, a multifaceted construct. Strengtheners of intensive care nurses' work well‐being were found to extend across individual, relational, and organizational resources. Actions such as simplifying their lives, giving and receiving team support, and accessing employee assistance programmes were just a few of the intensive care nurses' identified strengtheners. Aims and objectives To synthesize intensive care nurse perceptions of work well‐being characteristics and strengtheners to identify opportunities for job crafting and redesign. Design This was a qualitative secondary analysis. Methods Intensive care nurse work well‐being characteristics and strengtheners were explored using applied thematic analysis and pre‐design, open card‐sort technique. Results Five facets were identified in the analysis: (a) healthy, (b) authentic, (c) meaningful, (d) connected, and (e) innovative. These five facets were described from a theoretical perspective and illustrated as a conceptual model for intensive care nurse job crafting and redesign. Conclusions The proposed conceptual model contributes new knowledge to be explored in meaningful discussions about intensive care nurse work well‐being and empirically investigated in terms of construct validity and theory development. Furthermore, the model provides practical opportunities to explore individual and collaborative ways to enhance intensive care nurse work well‐being across a range of levels. Relevance to clinical practice Opportunities for job crafting and redesign were identified and presented in a conceptual model of intensive care nurse work well‐being. This model provides individual nurses, intensive care teams, health care organizations, and workers' well‐being programme and policy developers practical opportunities to explore individual and collaborative ways to enhance intensive care nurse work well‐being.


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