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Modeling and Optimization of Durable Press Finishing of Cotton Fabric with BTCA by Response Surface Methodology

Durable press (DP) finishing process of cotton fabric with 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) was investigated and optimized using the Box-Behnken design (BBD) with a response surface methodology (RSM). BBD experimental data were fitted to create the response surface regression models describing wrinkle recovery angle (WRA) and breaking strength of the finished cotton fabric. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed that the concentration of BTCA was the most significant variable affecting the WRA, followed by the curing time, curing temperature, and concentration of sodium hypophosphite (SHP). Regarding breaking strength, curing time was the most significant variable, followed by the curing temperature, concentration of BTCA, and concentration of SHP. After optimal treatment, the WRA of the finished fabric was 252°, while the retention rate of breaking strength was 69%.


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