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The Intersection Between HR and Entrepreneurial Performance: Review and Roadmap for Future Research

Despite the proliferation of research on entrepreneurship across disciplines, our understanding of the impact of HR on entrepreneurial performance is rather limited. In this article, I apply a review framework based on systems theory to organize and review prior work on the influence of HR on entrepreneurial performance, and then to provide a roadmap for future research. Four review questions are proposed and discussed: (1) what are the operational definitions used by previous studies when measuring HR as the input? (2) how have previous studies dealt with the mechanisms through which HR impacts entrepreneurial performance? (3) what are the operational definitions used by previous studies when measuring entrepreneurial performance? (4) how have previous studies dealt with the causal relationship between HR and entrepreneurial performance? My findings suggest that the impact of firm-level inputs, including HR systems/practices, on entrepreneurial performance has been understudied and deserves more research attention. Much of the research to date has not investigated the mechanisms through which HR affects entrepreneurial firms, how HR factors interact with one another to create synergies, and insufficient attention has been paid to the careful operationalization of outcome variables and the reciprocal relationship between HR and entrepreneurial performance."

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